The Angora Goat has been raised for their fleece in Asia and the Middle East from around the fifth century
The goat gets its name as the best were raised in the province of Angora (which is now Ankara) which lies on the central Anatolian Plains of Turkey. The climate there is characterized by hot and dry summers and cold wet winters.
History has it that the first European pair came in 1820, and in England’s industrial revolution they mastered spinning techniques were so good that Turkey couldn’t keep up with demand.
The first goats were imported into the United States in 1849 with 7 does and 2 bucks. Texas is considered the home of Angora goats in the United States, and they are consequentially a major producer.
Another major world power in Angora goats is South Africa, and they are also a major force in wool production and genetics. These goats really thrive in the region known as the Karoo, which has the ideal climate of hot and dry summers and cold winters, and the goats do really well on the semi desert vegetation, the ideal browsing environment
The first Australian goats arrived in 1832 and these were a Cashmere cross goats from France
The overall value of mohair fleece like fine wool is devalued by vegetable faults, in particular burrs, so the very best clips come from higher rainfall areas with less of these problems.
The fleece of the goat is white and they have a single-coated fleece that is known as mohair. The average goat fleece will grow continuously at approximately 2 to 2.5 cm per month.
Most market requirements have a mohair requirement of up to 15 cm in length so shearing twice a year is normal.r
The average fleece weights for a full grown goat varies in the range of 1.2 to 2.5 kg, giving an annual production yield of around 2.4 to 5 kg per animal.
Like all goats they are ruminants and have a preference for browsing woody plants, such as trees and shrubs. So uually the hot semi arid areas are best suited, although like prime wool keeping the fleeces clean is always a challenge.
The average gestation period is 149 days with a pronounced autumn breeding season. As many as 70% of mature does will have multiple kids and this leads to achievable weaning rates up to 160%, however the average is around 110%.
About the Angora Goat